CST: 24/08/2016 08:41:58   

Seaspan Reports Financial Results for the Quarter and Year Ended December 31, 2015

169 Days ago

Generates Strong Revenue and Earnings per Share Growth; Maintains $1.50 Annual Dividend

HONG KONG, CHINA--(Marketwired - Mar 7, 2016) - Seaspan Corporation ("Seaspan") (NYSE:SSW) announced today its financial results for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015. Below is a summary of Seaspan's key financial results:

Summary of Key Financial Results (in thousands of US dollars):

Quarter Ended December 31, Change
2015 2014 $ %
Revenue $ 218,464 $ 189,444 $ 29,020 15.3 %
Reported net earnings $ 76,212 $ 27,774 $ 48,438 174.4 %
Normalized net earnings(1) $ 48,937 $ 40,132 $ 8,805 21.9 %
Earnings per share, basic and diluted $ 0.63 $ 0.14 $ 0.49 350.0 %
Normalized earnings per share(1) $ 0.35 $ 0.27 $ 0.08 29.6 %
Cash available for distribution to common shareholders(2) $ 115,772 $ 116,469 $ (697 ) (0.6 )%
Adjusted EBITDA(3) $ 181,143 $ 178,816 $ 2,327 1.3 %
Year Ended December 31, Change
2015 2014 $ %
Revenue $ 819,024 $ 717,170 $ 101,854 14.2 %
Reported net earnings $ 199,391 $ 131,247 $ 68,144 51.9 %
Normalized net earnings(1) $ 165,820 $ 139,083 $ 26,737 19.2 %
Earnings per share, basic $ 1.46 $ 0.80 $ 0.66 82.5 %
Earnings per share, diluted $ 1.46 $ 0.79 $ 0.67 84.8 %
Normalized earnings per share, converted(1) (Series A preferred shares converted at $15) $ 1.12 $ 0.90 $ 0.22 24.4 %
Cash available for distribution to common shareholders(2) $ 432,910 $ 350,287 $ 82,623 23.6 %
Adjusted EBITDA(3) $ 687,497 $ 593,550 $ 93,947 15.8 %
(1) Normalized net earnings and normalized earnings per share are non-GAAP measures that are adjusted for items such as interest expense, refinancing expenses and recoveries, foreign exchange gain, write-off of vessel equipment, change in fair value of financial instruments, interest expense at the hedged rate, and certain other items that Seaspan believes are not representative of its operating performance. For the year ended December 31, 2014, normalized earnings per share, converted, reflects normalized earnings per share on a pro-forma basis on the assumption that, prior to January 30, 2014, Seaspan's then outstanding Series A preferred shares were converted at $15.00 per share. Please read "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the Quarter and Year Ended December 31, 2015 and 2014-Description of Non-GAAP Financial Measures-B. Normalized Net Earnings and Normalized Earnings per Share" for a description of normalized net earnings and normalized earnings per share, converted, and for reconciliations of these measures to net earnings and earnings per share, respectively.
(2) Cash available for distribution to common shareholders is a non-GAAP measure that represents net earnings adjusted for depreciation and amortization, interest expense, amortization of deferred charges, refinancing expenses and recoveries, share-based compensation, change in fair value of financial instruments, bareboat charter adjustment, gain on sales, amortization of deferred gain, foreign exchange gain, dry-dock reserve adjustment, cash dividends paid on preferred shares, interest expense at the hedged rate and certain other items that Seaspan believes are not representative of its operating performance. Please read "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the Quarter and Year Ended December 31, 2015 and 2014-Description of Non-GAAP Financial Measures-A. Cash Available for Distribution to Common Shareholders" for a description of cash available for distribution to common shareholders and a reconciliation of cash available for distribution to common shareholders to net earnings.
(3) Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure that represents net earnings adjusted for interest expense and other debt-related expenses, income tax expense, interest income, depreciation and amortization, amortization of deferred charges, refinancing expenses and recoveries, share-based compensation, gain on sales, amortization of deferred gain, foreign exchange gain, bareboat charter adjustment, change in fair value of financial instruments and certain other items that Seaspan believes are not representative of its operating performance. Please read "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the Quarter and Year Ended December 31, 2015 and 2014-Description of Non-GAAP Financial Measures-C. Adjusted EBITDA" for a description of Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net earnings.

Summary of Key Highlights

  • Achieved vessel utilization of 97.9% and 98.5% for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively, or 99.4% and 99.5%, respectively, if the impact of scheduled off-hire days is excluded.

  • Accepted delivery of one vessel during the fourth quarter, bringing Seaspan's operating fleet to a total of 85 vessels at December 31, 2015.

  • Paid $13.3 million of regular quarterly dividends to preferred shareholders of record as of October 29, 2015. Dividends per share were:

    • $0.59375 Series C (NYSE: SSW PR C)

    • $0.496875 Series D (NYSE: SSW PR D)

    • $0.515625 Series E (NYSE: SSW PR E)

  • Paid a quarterly dividend for the 2015 third quarter of $0.375 per Class A common share to all shareholders of record as of October 20, 2015.

  • Raised a total of approximately $1.4 billion through capital market and bank financing transactions during the year ended December 31, 2015.

Gerry Wang, Chief Executive Officer, Co-Chairman and Co-Founder of Seaspan, commented, "During 2015, we achieved an important milestone by growing Seaspan's operating and managed fleet to over 100 vessels, complementing our successful execution of the Company's stable and predictable business model. With the delivery of two 10000 TEU class and six 14000 TEU class state-of-the-art containerships in 2015, Seaspan achieved strong revenue and earnings per share growth for both the year and fourth quarter. We also continued to enter into attractive fixed-rate long-term contracts with high creditworthy counterparties, ending the year with future contracted revenues of nearly $6 billion."

Mr. Wang added, "During 2015 we took important steps to further strengthen Seaspan's capital structure. Our success raising approximately $1.4 billion of proceeds from capital and financing transactions underscores our strong access to capital and enhances our financial flexibility. As we seek to capitalize on attractive growth opportunities, we remain committed to returning capital to shareholders and paying a stable dividend of $1.50 per share for 2016."

Fourth Quarter Developments

Vessel Deliveries

During the fourth quarter of 2015, Seaspan accepted delivery of one 14000 TEU containership, the YM Warmth, expanding Seaspan's operating fleet to 85 vessels. The YM Warmth was constructed at Hyundai Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. using Seaspan's fuel-efficient SAVER design and commenced a 10-year, fixed-rate time charter with Yang Ming Marine Transport Corp. on October 16, 2015.

Financings

On October 2, 2015, Seaspan entered into a lease financing arrangement with a special purpose company ("SPC") for the YM Warmth, which delivered on October 8, 2015. The lease financing arrangement provided gross financing proceeds of $144.0 million upon delivery of the vessel. Under the lease financing arrangement, Seaspan sold the vessel to the SPC and leased the vessel back from the SPC over an initial term of 9.5 years, with an option to purchase the vessel at the end of the lease term for a pre-determined fair value purchase price. If the purchase option is not exercised, the lease term will be automatically extended for an additional 2.5 years. The lease financing arrangement provides financing at market rates.

On December 9, 2015, Seaspan entered into a term loan facility for up to $90.0 million to re-finance four 4250 TEU containerships. The loan bears interest at LIBOR plus a margin.

Common and Preferred Share Repurchase Plans

On April 1, 2015, Seaspan renewed its Rule 10b5-1 share repurchase plan for up to $50.0 million of its Class A common shares which expires in March 2018. Seaspan repurchased 944,524 Class A common shares during the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015 under this plan.

In June 2015, Seaspan's board of directors authorized the repurchase of up to $150.0 million of its 9.5% Series C preferred shares. In September 2015, Seaspan's board of directors authorized the repurchase of up to $25.0 million of each of its 7.95% Series D preferred shares and 8.25% Series E preferred shares. In September 2015, Seaspan entered into share repurchase plans for up to $75.0 million of its Series C preferred shares and up to $7.5 million for each of its Series D preferred shares and Series E preferred shares. The share repurchase plans for the preferred shares expired in December 2015. Seaspan repurchased 303,757 Series C preferred shares, 123,971 Series D preferred shares, and 29,400 Series E preferred shares under these plans during the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015.

In addition, during the year ended December 31, 2015, Seaspan repurchased 40,000 of its 9.5% Series C preferred shares at $25.50 per share for a total of approximately $1.0 million, including expenses, in the open market.

Subsequent Events

Dividends

On January 12, 2016, Seaspan declared the following quarterly cash dividends on its common and preferred shares, for a total distribution of $48.7 million:

Security Ticker Dividend per Share Period Record Date Payment Date
Class A common shares SSW $0.375 October 1, 2015 to
December 31, 2015
January 20, 2016 February 1, 2016
Series C preferred shares SSW PR C $0.59375 October 30, 2015 to
January 29, 2016
January 29, 2016 February 1, 2016
Series D preferred shares SSW PR D $0.496875 October 30, 2015 to
January 29, 2016
January 29, 2016 February 1, 2016
Series E preferred shares SSW PR E $0.515625 October 30, 2015 to
January 29, 2016
January 29, 2016 February 1, 2016

Seaspan expects the quarterly $0.375 Class A common share dividends for the four quarters ending December 31, 2016 to be paid on May 2, August 1 and October 31 of 2016 and January 30, 2017 for a total dividend of $1.50 per share.

Results for the Quarter and Year Ended December 31, 2015

At the beginning of 2015, Seaspan had 77 vessels in operation. Seaspan accepted delivery of eight newbuilding vessels during the year ended December 31, 2015, bringing its operating fleet to a total of 85 vessels at December 31, 2015. Revenue from time charters is determined primarily by the number of operating days, and ship operating expense is determined primarily by the number of ownership days.

Quarter Ended
December 31,
Increase Year Ended
December 31,
Increase
2015 2014 Days % 2015 2014 Days %
Operating days 7,279 6,555 724 11.0 % 27,717 25,157 2,560 10.2 %
Ownership days 7,437 6,642 795 12.0 % 28,133 25,408 2,725 10.7 %

The following table summarizes Seaspan's vessel utilization by quarter and for the years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:

First
Quarter
Second
Quarter
Third
Quarter
Fourth
Quarter
Year Ended
December 31,
2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014
Vessel Utilization:
Ownership Days 6,570 6,037 6,901 6,214 7,225 6,515 7,437 6,642 28,133 25,408
Less Off-hire Days:
Scheduled 5-Year Survey (49 ) (10 ) (66 ) (43 ) (39 ) (15 ) (112 ) (64 ) (266 ) (132 )
Unscheduled Off-hire(1) (21 ) (58 ) (73 ) (3 ) (10 ) (35 ) (46 ) (23 ) (150 ) (119 )
Operating Days 6,500 5,969 6,762 6,168 7,176 6,465 7,279 6,555 27,717 25,157
Vessel Utilization 98.9 % 98.9 % 98.0 % 99.3 % 99.3 % 99.2 % 97.9 % 98.7 % 98.5 % 99.0 %
(1)Unscheduled off-hire includes days related to vessels off-charter.

The following table summarizes Seaspan's consolidated financial results for the quarter and years ended December 31, 2015 and 2014:

Financial Summary
(in millions of US dollars)
Quarter Ended
December 31,
Change Year Ended
December 31,
Change
2015 2014 $ % 2015 2014 $ %
Revenue $ 218.5 $ 189.4 $ 29.0 15.3 % $ 819.0 $ 717.2 $ 101.9 14.2 %
Ship operating expense 50.5 42.2 8.3 19.6 % 193.8 166.1 27.7 16.7 %
Depreciation and amortization expense 54.4 46.6 7.8 16.8 % 204.9 181.5 23.3 12.9 %
General and administrative expense 7.2 6.8 0.4 6.0 % 27.3 30.5 (3.1 ) (10.3 )%
Operating lease expense 14.4 5.0 9.4 190.1 % 40.3 9.5 30.7 321.9 %
Interest expense 25.2 23.3 1.8 7.9 % 97.0 88.2 8.8 10.0 %
Refinancing expenses and (recoveries) 1.9 (2.8 ) 4.6 167.2 % 5.8 0.1 5.7 8142.9 %
Change in fair value of financial instruments (gain) loss (10.1 ) 39.4 (49.4 ) (125.5 )% 54.6 105.7 (51.1 ) (48.4 )%

Revenue

Revenue increased by 15.3% to $218.5 million and 14.2% to $819.0 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively, over the same periods in 2014. These increases were primarily due to the delivery of eight vessels in 2015 and the full period contribution of six vessels that delivered in 2014. These increases were partially offset by lower average charter rates for vessels which were on short-term charters and an increase in scheduled and unscheduled off-hire.

The increases in operating days and the related financial impact thereof for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, relative to the same periods in 2014, are attributable to the following:

Quarter Ended
December 31, 2015
Year Ended
December 31, 2015
Operating
Days Impact
$ Impact
(in millions)
Operating
Days Impact
$ Impact
(in millions)
2015 vessel deliveries 721 $ 31.6 1,488 $ 65.5
Full period contribution for 2014 vessel deliveries 74 2.8 1,237 48.7
Change in daily charter hire rate and re-charters - (4.5 ) - (9.2 )
Scheduled off-hire (48 ) (1.4 ) (134 ) (3.8 )
Unscheduled off-hire (23 ) (0.6 ) (31 ) (2.2 )
Vessel management revenue - 0.7 - 1.7
Supervision fee revenue - 0.7 - 2.0
Other - (0.3 ) - (0.8 )
Total 724 $ 29.0 2,560 $ 101.9

Vessel utilization was 97.9% and 98.5% for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively, compared to 98.7% and 99.0% for the same periods in 2014.

The decrease in vessel utilization for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014, was primarily due to a 134-day increase in scheduled off-hire as a result of an increase in scheduled five-year dry-dockings and a 31-day increase in unscheduled off-hire. During the year ended December 31, 2015, Seaspan completed 26 scheduled dry-dockings that resulted in 266 days of scheduled off-hire, compared to 10 scheduled dry-dockings that resulted in 132 days of scheduled off-hire in 2014. During the year ended December 31, 2015, there were 150 days of unscheduled off-hire, which included 73 off-charter days, compared to 119 days of unscheduled off-hire, which included 86 off-charter days, in the same period of 2014.

Seaspan completed dry-dockings for 26 vessels during the year ended December 31, 2015:

Vessel Class
(TEU)
First Quarter Second Quarter Third Quarter Fourth Quarter Year Ended December 31, 2015
2500 1 1 - - 2
4250 3 3 (1) 2 4 (1) 12
4500 - - - 4 4
8500 - 3 2 2 7
13100 - - - 1 1
4 7 4 11 26
(1) Dry-docking for certain of these vessels was completed between their time charters.

During 2016, Seaspan expects 14 vessels to undergo their scheduled dry-docking.

Ship Operating Expense

Ship operating expense increased by 19.6% to $50.5 million and 16.7% to $193.8 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2014 due primarily to increases in ownership days of 12.0% and 10.7% for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively. The increases in ownership days are due to eight vessel deliveries in 2015 and the delivery of six vessels in 2014 resulting in a full period of ownership days for the year ended December 31, 2015. Seaspan also purchased more stores and spares and incurred higher repair and maintenance expense for its older vessels. Seaspan expects ship operating expense to continue to increase as its fleet expands and ages and as the average size of its vessels increases.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Depreciation and amortization expense increased by 16.8% to $54.4 million and by 12.9% to $204.9 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2014, primarily due to an increase in fleet size from the vessels delivered in 2014 and 2015, write-offs of replaced vessel equipment and an increase in dry-dock amortization from an increase in the number of vessels dry-docking.

General and Administrative Expense

General and administrative expense increased by 6.0% to $7.2 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014.

General and administrative expense decreased by 10.3% to $27.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2015, compared to the same period in 2014. The decrease of $3.1 million was primarily due to a $4.9 million decrease in share-based compensation primarily relating to the grants of share appreciation rights and restricted stock units of $4.2 million. This decrease was partially offset by increased costs relating to general corporate expenditures.

Operating Lease Expense

Operating lease expense increased to $14.4 million and $40.3 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively, from $5.0 million and $9.5 million in the same periods in 2014. The increases were due to the purchase of three vessels in 2014 and four vessels in 2015 that were financed through new lease financing arrangements. Under these lease financing arrangements, Seaspan sold the vessels to the SPCs and are leasing the vessels back over an initial term of approximately 8.5 or 9.5 years, with an option to purchase the vessels at the end of the lease term for a pre-determined fair value purchase price. If the purchase option is not exercised, the lease terms will be automatically extended for an additional two or 2.5 years. The sale of these seven vessels resulted in a deferred gain totaling $174.8 million, which is being recorded as a reduction of operating lease expense over 10.5 or 12 years, representing the initial lease term plus extensions.

Interest Expense

The following table summarizes Seaspan's borrowings:

(in millions of US dollars) As at December 31, Change
2015 2014 $ %
Long-term debt $ 3,387.2 $ 3,382.4 $ 4.8 0.1 %
Other long-term liabilities, excluding deferred gains 342.8 214.5 128.3 59.8
Total borrowings 3,730.0 3,596.9 133.1 3.7
Less: Vessels under construction (209.1 ) (282.0 ) 72.9 25.9
Operating borrowings $ 3,520.9 $ 3,314.9 $ 206.0 6.2 %

Interest expense is comprised primarily of interest incurred on long-term debt and other long-term liabilities, excluding deferred gains, relating to operating vessels at either the variable rate calculated by reference to LIBOR plus the applicable margin or at fixed rates. Interest expense also includes a non-cash reclassification of amounts from accumulated other comprehensive loss related to previously designated hedging relationships. Interest incurred on long-term debt and other long-term liabilities for Seaspan's vessels under construction is capitalized to the cost of the respective vessels under construction.

Interest expense increased by $1.8 million to $25.2 million and by $8.8 million to $97.0 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2014. These increases were primarily due to the increase in fleet size from vessels delivered in 2014 and 2015, as the interest incurred on these vessels in 2014 was capitalized to vessels under construction. These increases were partially offset by net repayments made on operating borrowings. For the year ended December 31, 2015, the increase in interest expense was also due to the issuance of Seaspan's fixed-rate senior unsecured notes issued in April 2014, which have a higher interest rate than Seaspan's other borrowings, partially offset by the repayment of a fixed-rate term loan in the second quarter of 2014 and the termination of the lease financing structure related to five 4500 TEU vessels which were refinanced in December 2014 and March 2015.

Although Seaspan has entered into fixed interest rate swaps for much of its variable rate debt, the difference between the variable interest rate and the swapped fixed-rate on operating debt is recorded in Seaspan's change in fair value of financial instruments rather than in interest expense.

Refinancing Expenses and Recoveries

Refinancing expenses increased by $4.6 million to $1.9 million and by $5.7 million to $5.8 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2014. In 2015, Seaspan wrote-off deferred financing fees related to the termination and repayment of term loans. In 2014, Seaspan wrote-off deferred financing fees related to the repayment of a fixed-rate loan and recognized a net gain of $3.8 million realized on the early termination of the lease financing structure related to five 4500 TEU vessels.

Change in Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The change in fair value of financial instruments resulted in a gain of $10.1 million and a loss of $54.6 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively, compared to losses of $39.4 million and $105.7 million for the same periods in 2014. The gain of $10.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2015 was primarily due to increases in the forward LIBOR curve. The loss of $54.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2015 was due primarily to the effect of the passage of time.

The fair value of interest rate swap and swaption agreements is subject to change based on the company-specific credit risk of Seaspan and of the counterparty included in the discount factor and the interest rate implied by the current swap curve, including its relative steepness. In determining the fair value, these factors are based on current information available to Seaspan. These factors are expected to change through the life of the instruments, causing the fair value to fluctuate significantly due to the large notional amounts and long-term nature of Seaspan's derivative instruments. Because these factors may change, the fair value of the instruments is an estimate and may deviate significantly from the actual cash settlements realized during the term of the instruments. Seaspan's valuation techniques have not changed and remain consistent with those followed by other valuation practitioners.

About Seaspan

Seaspan provides many of the world's major shipping lines with creative outsourcing alternatives to vessel ownership by offering long-term leases on large, modern containerships combined with industry-leading ship management services. Seaspan's managed fleet consists of 118 containerships representing a total capacity of over 935,000 TEU, including 18 newbuilding containerships on order scheduled for delivery to Seaspan and third parties by the end of 2017. Seaspan's current operating fleet of 85 vessels has an average age of approximately eight years and an average remaining lease period of approximately four years.

Seaspan has the following securities listed on The New York Stock Exchange:

Symbol: Description:
SSW Class A common shares
SSW PR C Series C preferred shares
SSW PR D Series D preferred shares
SSW PR E Series E preferred shares
SSWN 6.375% senior unsecured notes due 2019

Conference Call and Webcast

Seaspan will host a conference call and webcast presentation for investors and analysts to discuss its results for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015 on March 8, 2016 at 6:30 a.m. PT / 9:30 a.m. ET. Participants should call 1-877-246-9875 (US/Canada) or 1-707-287-9353 (International) and request the Seaspan call. A telephonic replay will be available for anyone unable to participate in the live call. To access the replay, call 1-855-859-2056 or 1-404-537-3406 and enter the replay passcode: 61034463. The recording will be available from March 8, 2016 at 9:30 a.m. PT / 12:30 p.m. ET through 8:59 p.m. PT / 11:59 p.m. ET on March 22, 2016. The conference call will also be broadcast live over the Internet and will include a slide presentation. To access the live webcast of the conference call, go to www.seaspancorp.com and click on "News & Events" then "Events & Presentations" for the link. The webcast will be archived on the site for one year.

SEASPAN CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET
AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2015
(IN THOUSANDS OF US DOLLARS)
December 31, 2015 December 31, 2014
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 215,520 $ 201,755
Short-term investments 3,415 1,212
Accounts receivable 24,065 23,742
Loans to affiliate 219,649 237,908
Prepaid expenses 39,731 31,139
Gross investment in lease 37,783 21,170
540,163 516,926
Vessels 5,069,229 4,813,721
Vessels under construction 209,119 282,002
Deferred charges 92,640 64,655
Gross investment in lease - 37,783
Goodwill 75,321 75,321
Other assets 89,056 67,308
Fair value of financial instruments 33,632 37,677
$ 6,109,160 $ 5,895,393
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities $ 76,386 $ 65,208
Current portion of deferred revenue 22,199 27,671
Current portion of long-term debt 287,346 298,010
Current portion of other long-term liabilities 38,298 18,543
Fair value of financial instruments 1,260 7,505
425,489 416,937
Deferred revenue 2,730 7,343
Long-term debt 3,099,849 3,084,409
Other long-term liabilities 468,023 253,542
Fair value of financial instruments 336,886 387,938
4,332,977 4,150,169
Shareholders' equity:
Share capital 1,223 1,209
Treasury shares (356 ) (379 )
Additional paid in capital 2,266,661 2,238,872
Deficit (460,425 ) (459,161 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (30,920 ) (35,317 )
1,776,183 1,745,224
$ 6,109,160 $ 5,895,393
SEASPAN CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND DEFICIT FOR THE QUARTER AND YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014
(IN THOUSANDS OF US DOLLARS, EXCEPT SHARE AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)
Quarter Ended
December 31,
Year Ended
December 31,
2015 2014 2015 2014
Revenue $ 218,464 $ 189,444 $ 819,024 $ 717,170
Operating expenses:
Ship operating 50,541 42,244 193,836 166,097
Cost of services, supervision fees 650 - 1,950 -
Depreciation and amortization 54,384 46,580 204,862 181,527
General and administrative 7,197 6,792 27,338 30,462
Operating leases 14,381 4,957 40,270 9,544
127,153 100,573 468,256 387,630
Operating earnings 91,311 88,871 350,768 329,540
Other expenses (income):
Interest expense 25,191 23,345 97,008 88,159
Interest income (2,756 ) (3,392 ) (11,026 ) (10,653 )
Undrawn credit facility fees 635 1,025 3,100 3,109
Amortization of deferred charges 1,295 2,914 11,685 10,342
Refinancing expenses and (recoveries) 1,850 (2,754 ) 5,770 70
Change in fair value of financial instruments (10,053 ) 39,360 54,576 105,694
Equity income on investment (2,090 ) (211 ) (5,107 ) (256 )
Other expenses (income) 1,027 810 (4,629 ) 1,828
15,099 61,097 151,377 198,293
Net earnings $ 76,212 $ 27,774 $ 199,391 $ 131,247
Deficit, beginning of period (484,561 ) (440,176 ) (459,161 ) (411,792 )
Dividends - common shares (37,269 ) (33,020 ) (144,553 ) (127,007 )
Dividends - preferred shares (13,350 ) (13,435 ) (53,655 ) (50,443 )
Amortization of Series C issuance costs (342 ) (304 ) (1,310 ) (1,166 )
Other (1,115 ) - (1,137 ) -
Deficit, end of period $ (460,425 ) $ (459,161 ) $ (460,425 ) $ (459,161 )
Weighted average number of shares, basic 99,835 96,871 99,217 93,402
Weighted average number of shares, diluted 99,906 96,965 99,278 93,650
Earnings per share, basic $ 0.63 $ 0.14 $ 1.46 $ 0.80
Earnings per share, diluted $ 0.63 $ 0.14 $ 1.46 $ 0.79
SEASPAN CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
FOR THE QUARTER AND YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014
(IN THOUSANDS OF US DOLLARS)
Quarter Ended
December 31,
Year Ended
December 31,
2015 2014 2015 2014
Net earnings $ 76,212 $ 27,774 $ 199,391 $ 131,247
Other comprehensive income:
Amounts reclassified to net earnings during the period, relating to cashflow hedging instruments 1,077 1,295 4,397 5,311
Comprehensive income $ 77,289 $ 29,069 $ 203,788 $ 136,558
SEASPAN CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
FOR THE QUARTER AND YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014
(IN THOUSANDS OF US DOLLARS)
Quarter Ended
December 31,
Year Ended
December 31,
2015 2014 2015 2014
Cash from (used in):
Operating activities:
Net earnings $ 76,212 $ 27,774 $ 199,391 $ 131,247
Items not involving cash:
Depreciation and amortization 54,384 46,580 204,862 181,527
Share-based compensation 1,567 1,423 4,528 8,301
Amortization of deferred charges 1,295 2,914 11,685 10,342
Amounts reclassified from other comprehensive loss to interest expense 816 957 3,319 4,259
Unrealized change in fair value of financial instruments (34,862 ) 10,659 (53,252 ) (13,064 )
Equity income on investment (2,090 ) (211 ) (5,107 ) (256 )
Refinancing expenses and (recoveries) 1,228 (2,754 ) 5,148 (398 )
Amortization of deferred gain (3,709 ) (938 ) (9,795 ) (1,428 )
Other income - - (6,600 ) -
Other 1,614 3,590 7,759 10,614
Changes in assets and liabilities 181 8,619 (26,066 ) 11,815
Cash from operating activities 96,636 98,613 335,872 342,959
Financing activities:
Senior unsecured notes issued - - - 345,000
Preferred shares issued, net of issuance costs - - - 130,415
Common shares issued, net of issuance costs - - - 4,245
Draws on credit facilities 196,250 167,040 534,325 660,160
Repayment of credit facilities (156,349 ) (41,056 ) (607,174 ) (872,659 )
Draws on other long-term liabilities - - 150,000 -
Repayment of other long-term liabilities (5,968 ) (362,380 ) (21,691 ) (393,382 )
Shares repurchased, including related expenses (25,168 ) - (26,188 ) -
Financing fees (2,374 ) (4,843 ) (17,399 ) (17,405 )
Dividends on common shares (36,158 ) (16,226 ) (105,691 ) (62,310 )
Dividends on preferred shares (13,350 ) (13,435 ) (53,655 ) (50,443 )
Proceeds from sale-leaseback of vessels 144,000 220,000 542,000 330,000
Cash from (used in) financing activities 100,883 (50,900 ) 394,527 73,621
Investing activities:
Expenditures for vessels (172,037 ) (159,395 ) (712,663 ) (524,255 )
Short-term investments 71 87,033 (2,203 ) 10,463
Restricted cash - 60,000 - 60,000
Loans to affiliate (67,633 ) (32,188 ) (201,865 ) (210,713 )
Repayment of loans to affiliate 8,106 349 200,680 850
Other assets (166 ) (2,457 ) (583 ) (27,550 )
Cash used in investing activities (231,659 ) (46,658 ) (716,634 ) (691,205 )
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (34,140 ) 1,055 13,765 (274,625 )
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 249,660 200,700 201,755 476,380
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period $ 215,520 $ 201,755 $ 215,520 $ 201,755
SEASPAN CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
FOR THE QUARTER AND YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014
(IN THOUSANDS OF US DOLLARS)

Description of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

A. Cash Available for Distribution to Common Shareholders

Cash available for distribution to common shareholders is defined as net earnings adjusted for depreciation and amortization, interest expense, amortization of deferred charges, refinancing expenses and recoveries, share-based compensation, change in fair value of financial instruments, bareboat charter adjustment, gain on sales, amortization of deferred gain, foreign exchange gain, dry-dock reserve adjustment, cash dividends paid on preferred shares, interest expense at the hedged rate and certain other items that Seaspan believes are not representative of its operating performance.

In the second quarter of 2015, the definition of cash available for distribution to common shareholders was revised to include the gain and exclude the amortization of the deferred gain on Seaspan's sale-leaseback financings. Accordingly, the comparative figures for the prior periods have been adjusted to reflect this change. The impact of this change resulted in increases in cash available for distribution to common shareholders for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2014 of approximately 48.1% and 19.8%, respectively.

Cash available for distribution to common shareholders is a non-GAAP measure used to assist in evaluating Seaspan's ability to make quarterly cash dividends before reserves for replacement capital expenditures. Cash available for distribution to common shareholders is not defined by United States generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") and should not be considered as an alternative to net earnings or any other indicator of Seaspan's performance required to be reported by GAAP.

Quarter Ended
December 31,
Year Ended
December 31,
2015 2014 2015 2014
Net earnings $ 76,212 $ 27,774 $ 199,391 $ 131,247
Add:
Depreciation and amortization 54,384 46,580 204,862 181,527
Interest expense 25,191 23,345 97,008 88,159
Amortization of deferred charges 1,295 2,914 11,685 10,342
Refinancing expenses and (recoveries)(1) 1,228 (2,754 ) 5,148 (398 )
Share-based compensation 1,567 1,423 4,528 8,301
Change in fair value of financial instruments(2) (10,460 ) 39,592 53,260 106,543
Bareboat charter adjustment, net(3) 4,761 4,496 18,454 17,410
Gain on sales(4) 32,795 38,751 117,482 59,391
Less:
Amortization of deferred gain(5) (3,709 ) (938 ) (9,795 ) (1,428 )
Foreign exchange gain(6) - - (6,600 ) -
Dry-dock reserve adjustment (7,334 ) (3,455 ) (19,655 ) (13,318 )
Cash dividends paid on preferred shares:
Series C (8,054 ) (8,114 ) (32,396 ) (32,456 )
Series D (2,513 ) (2,535 ) (10,124 ) (10,146 )
Series E (2,783 ) (2,785 ) (11,135 ) (7,951 )
Net cash flows before interest payments 162,580 164,294 622,113 537,223
Less:
Interest expense at the hedged rate(7) (46,808 ) (47,825 ) (189,203 ) (186,936 )
Cash available for distribution to common shareholders $ 115,772 $ 116,469 $ 432,910 $ 350,287
SEASPAN CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
FOR THE QUARTER and YEAR ended DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014
(in thousands of US dollars, except share and per share amounts)

B. Normalized Net Earnings and Normalized Earnings per Share

Normalized net earnings is defined as net earnings adjusted for items such as interest expense, refinancing expenses and recoveries, foreign exchange gain, write-off of vessel equipment, change in fair value of financial instruments, interest expense at the hedged rate, and certain other items Seaspan believes affect the comparability of operating results. Normalized net earnings is a useful measure because it excludes those items that Seaspan believes are not representative of its operating performance.

Normalized net earnings is not defined by GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net earnings or any other indicator of Seaspan's performance required to be reported by GAAP.

Normalized earnings per share, converted, is calculated as normalized net earnings, less dividends on Series C (excluding the retained earnings impact of any repurchases), Series D and Series E preferred shares, divided by the "converted" number of Class A common shares outstanding for the period. On January 30, 2014, Seaspan's outstanding 200,000 Series A preferred shares automatically converted into a total of 23,177,175 Class A common shares pursuant to Seaspan's articles of incorporation. The conversion provisions provided for automatic conversion to Class A common shares at a price of $15.00 per share (and based on the applicable liquidation preference of the Series A preferred shares), if the conversion occurred on or after January 30, 2014 and the trailing 30-day average trading price of the Class A common shares was equal to or above $15.00. If the Class A common share price was less than $15.00, then Seaspan could choose to not convert the Series A preferred shares and to increase the annual increase in the liquidation preference to 15% per annum from 12%. The "converted" number of Series A preferred shares includes: basic weighted average number of shares, share-based compensation, contingent consideration, shares held in escrow and the impact of the Series A preferred shares converted at $15.00 per share. This method reflected Seaspan's ability to control the conversion if the share price had been less than $15.00 and reflects the per share impact of the actual Series A preferred share conversion at $15.00.

Normalized net earnings and normalized earnings per share, converted, are not defined by GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net earnings, earnings per share or any other indicator of Seaspan's performance required to be reported by GAAP.

Quarter Ended
December 31,
Year Ended
December 31,
2015 2014 2015 2014
Net earnings $ 76,212 $ 27,774 $ 199,391 $ 131,247
Adjust:
Interest expense 25,191 23,345 97,008 88,159
Refinancing expenses and (recoveries)(1) 1,850 (2,754 ) 5,770 70
Foreign exchange gain(6) - - (6,600 ) -
Write-off of vessel equipment(8) 2,952 - 6,194 -
Change in fair value of financial instruments(2) (10,460 ) 39,592 53,260 106,543
Interest expense at the hedged rate(7) (46,808 ) (47,825 ) (189,203 ) (186,936 )
Normalized net earnings $ 48,937 $ 40,132 $ 165,820 $ 139,083
Less: preferred share dividends
Series A - - - 3,395
Series C (including amortization of issuance costs) 8,330 8,418 33,637 33,623
Series D 2,475 2,537 10,086 10,036
Series E 2,769 2,784 11,121 9,776
13,574 13,739 54,844 56,830
Normalized net earnings attributable to common shareholders $ 35,363 $ 26,393 $ 110,976 $ 82,253
Weighted average number of shares used to compute earnings per share
Reported and normalized, basic 99,835 96,871 99,217 93,402
Share-based compensation 71 94 61 131
Contingent consideration - - - 117
Series A preferred shares liquidation preference converted at $15 - - - 1,896
Reported, diluted and normalized, converted 99,906 96,965 99,278 95,546
Earnings per share:
Reported, basic $ 0.63 $ 0.14 $ 1.46 $ 0.80
Reported, diluted $ 0.63 $ 0.14 $ 1.46 $ 0.79
Normalized, converted - preferred shares converted at $15 (9) $ 0.35 $ 0.27 $ 1.12 $ 0.90
SEASPAN CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
FOR THE QUARTER and YEAR ended DECEMBER 31, 2015 AND 2014
(in thousands of US dollars, except share and per share amounts)

C. Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net earnings adjusted for interest expense and other debt-related expenses, income tax expense, interest income, depreciation and amortization, amortization of deferred charges, refinancing expenses and recoveries, share-based compensation, gain on sales, amortization of deferred gain, foreign exchange gain, bareboat charter adjustment, change in fair value of financial instruments and certain other items that Seaspan believes are not representative of its operating performance.

In the second quarter of 2015, the definition of Adjusted EBITDA was revised to include the gain and exclude the amortization of the deferred gain on Seaspan's sale-leaseback financings. Accordingly, the comparative figures for the prior periods have been adjusted to reflect this change. The impact of this change resulted in increases in Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2014 of approximately 26.8% and 10.8%, respectively.

Adjusted EBITDA provides useful information to investors in assessing Seaspan's results of operations. Seaspan believes that this measure is useful in assessing performance and highlighting trends on an overall basis. Seaspan also believes that this measure can be useful in comparing its results with those of other companies, even though other companies may not calculate this measure in the same way as Seaspan. The GAAP measure most directly comparable to Adjusted EBITDA is net earnings. Adjusted EBITDA is not defined by GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net earnings or any other indicator of Seaspan's performance required to be reported by GAAP.

Quarter Ended
December 31,
Year Ended
December 31,
2015 2014 2015 2014
Net earnings $ 76,212 $ 27,774 $ 199,391 $ 131,247
Add:
Interest expense 25,191 23,345 97,008 88,159
Interest income (2,756 ) (3,392 ) (11,026 ) (10,653 )
Undrawn credit facility fees 635 1,025 3,100 3,109
Depreciation and amortization 54,384 46,580 204,862 181,527
Amortization of deferred charges 1,295 2,914 11,685 10,342
Refinancing expenses and (recoveries)(1) 1,228 (2,754 ) 5,148 (398 )
Share-based compensation 1,567 1,423 4,528 8,301
Gain on sales(4) 32,795 38,751 117,482 59,391
Amortization of deferred gain(5) (3,709 ) (938 ) (9,795 ) (1,428 )
Foreign exchange gain(6) - - (6,600 ) -
Bareboat charter adjustment, net(3) 4,761 4,496 18,454 17,410
Change in fair value of financial instruments(2) (10,460 ) 39,592 53,260 106,543
Adjusted EBITDA $ 181,143 $ 178,816 $ 687,497 $ 593,550

Notes to Non-GAAP Financial Measures

(1) During the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, Seaspan refinanced certain financings. As a result, Seaspan wrote-off non-cash deferred financing fees of $1.2 million and $5.1 million, respectively, in refinancing expenses and recoveries.
(2) Change in fair value of financial instruments includes realized and unrealized losses (gains) on Seaspan's interest rate swaps, unrealized losses (gains) on Seaspan's foreign currency forward contracts and unrealized losses (gains) on interest rate swaps included in equity income on investment.
(3) In the second half of 2011, Seaspan entered into agreements to bareboat charter four 4800 TEU vessels to Mediterranean Shipping Company ("MSC") for a five-year term, beginning from vessel delivery dates that occurred in 2011. Upon delivery of the vessels to MSC, the transactions were accounted for as sales-type leases. The vessels were disposed of and a gross investment in lease was recorded, which is being amortized to income through revenue. The bareboat charter adjustment in the applicable non-GAAP measures is included to reverse the GAAP accounting treatment and reflect the transaction as if the vessels had not been disposed of. Therefore, the bareboat charter fees are added back and the interest income from leasing, which is recorded in revenue, is deducted resulting in a net bareboat charter adjustment.
(4) During the quarter ended December 31, 2015, the gain on sales relates to the proceeds received in excess of vessel cost upon the sale of one 14000 TEU vessel. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the gain on sales relates to the proceeds received in excess of vessel cost upon the sale of three 14000 TEU vessels and one 10000 TEU vessel, respectively, that were financed through sale-leaseback financings. Under these lease financing arrangements, Seaspan sold the vessels to the SPCs and is leasing the vessels back. For accounting purposes, these gains are recognized over the term of the lease.
(5) Seven vessels were financed through lease financing arrangements under which Seaspan sold the vessels to the SPCs and is leasing the vessels back. The gain on sales was deferred and is being amortized as a reduction of operating lease expense.
(6) Seaspan entered into contracts for the construction of five 14000 TEU newbuilding containerships. The contracts included a foreign exchange adjustment to adjust the US dollar denominated purchase price of the vessels. In connection with the allocation of two of the vessels to Greater China Intermodal Investment LLC ("GCI"), Seaspan recognized a foreign exchange gain of $6.6 million which has been included in other income.
(7) Interest expense at the hedged rate is calculated as the interest incurred on operating debt at the fixed rate on the related interest rate swaps plus the applicable margin on the related variable rate credit facilities and leases, on an accrual basis. Interest expense on fixed rate borrowings is calculated using the effective interest rate.
(8) Commencing in May 2015, Seaspan installed vessel upgrades for certain of its vessels at the request of its charterer to enhance fuel efficiency. As a result, Seaspan incurred non-cash write-offs related to the original vessel equipment of $3.0 million and $6.2 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively. These write-offs are included in depreciation and amortization expense. The cost of the vessel upgrades will be recovered from the charterer.
(9) Normalized earnings per share, converted, increased for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015 as detailed in the table below:
Quarter Ended
December 31, 2015
Year Ended
December 31, 2015
Normalized earnings per share, converted-December 31, 2014 $ 0.27 $ 0.90
Excluding share count changes:
Increase in normalized earnings(a) 0.09 0.27
Decrease from impact of preferred shares - (0.01 )
Share count changes:
Increase in converted share count (from 96,965 shares to 99,906 shares and from 95,546 to 99,278 for the quarter and year ended, respectively) (0.01 ) (0.04 )
Normalized earnings per share, converted-December 31, 2015 $ 0.35 $ 1.12
(a) The increases in normalized earnings are primarily due to increases in revenue of $29.0 million and $101.9 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively, partially offset by increases in operating leases of $9.4 million and $30.7 million, ship operating expenses of $8.3 million and $27.7 million, and depreciation and amortization expense of $4.8 million and $17.1 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2015, respectively. For the quarter ended December 31, 2015, there was a decrease in interest expense at the hedged rate of $1.1 million and an increase of interest expense at the hedged rate of $2.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. Please read "Results for the Quarter and Year Ended December 31, 2015" for a description of these changes.

STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This release contains certain forward-looking statements (as such term is defined in Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended), which reflect management's current views with respect to certain future events and performance, including, in particular, statements regarding: future operating results; time charters; ship operating expense; vessel dry-docking schedules; future contracted revenues; Seaspan's access to capital and financial strength and flexibility; the repurchase plan for Seaspan's common shares and repurchases under such plan; vessel deliveries and dividends, including the amount and timing of payment thereof for the four quarters of 2016. Although these statements are based upon assumptions Seaspan believes to be reasonable, they are subject to risks and uncertainties. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: the availability to Seaspan of containership acquisition or construction opportunities; the availability and cost to Seaspan of financing to pursue growth opportunities; the number of additional vessels managed by the Manager in the future; general market conditions and shipping market trends, including, chartering rates; increased operating expenses; the number of off-hire days; dry-docking requirements; Seaspan's ability to borrow funds under its credit facilities and to obtain additional financing in the future; Seaspan's future cash flows and its ability to make dividend and other payments; the time that it may take to construct new ships; Seaspan's continued ability to enter into primarily long-term, fixed-rate time charters with customers; changes in governmental rules and regulations or actions taken by regulatory authorities; the financial condition of shipyards, charterers, lenders, refund guarantors and other counterparties and their ability to perform their obligations under their agreements with Seaspan; the potential for early termination of long-term contracts and Seaspan's potential inability to enter into, renew or replace long-term contracts; conditions in the public capital markets and the price of Seaspan's shares; the declaration of dividends and related payment dates by Seaspan's board of directors; the allocation of vessels pursuant to Seaspan's right of first refusal agreement with GCI; and other factors detailed from time-to-time in Seaspan's periodic reports and filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including Seaspan's Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2014. Seaspan expressly disclaims any obligation to update or revise any of these forward-looking statements, whether because of future events, new information, a change in Seaspan's views or expectations, or otherwise.

For Investor Relations Inquiries:
Mr. Michael Sieffert
Associate Director, Corporate Finance
Seaspan Corporation
778-328-6490
For Media Inquiries:
Mr. Leon Berman
The IGB Group
212-477-8438