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SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA--(Marketwired - Jan 26, 2016) - Prima BioMed Ltd (
'TACTI-mel' (Two ACTive Immunotherapeutics in melanoma) is a multicentre, open label, Phase I study in which patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma will be dosed with IMP321 in combination with an approved checkpoint inhibitor. The study will evaluate safety as the primary endpoint and anti-tumour activity and the immune response to the combination as secondary endpoints.
The first clinical site, the Gallipoli Medical Research Foundation at the Greenslopes Private Hospital in Queensland, has been approved by the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA). Recruitment for the trial can now commence under the direction of Dr. Victoria Atkinson, Principal Investigator for the trial. The TACTI-mel study will recruit up to 24 patients across 6 sites in Australia, with the first patients expected to be dosed in the first quarter of 2016.
Dr. Atkinson commented: "The TACTI-mel study will be the first human study combining IMP321 as an antigen presenting cell activator together with a PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor. With the highest incidence of melanoma in the world, we look forward to working with Greenslopes Hospital staff in treating Australian patients in this ground-breaking study."
Prima believes that checkpoint inhibitors represent a cancer treatment revolution. Showing IMP321 to be synergistic with checkpoint inhibitors could significantly increase its clinical and commercial potential.
The pre-clinical and clinical evidence to date has suggested that IMP321 can treat cancer by activating Antigen Presenting Cells (APC) to sustain an anti-cancer immune response. This is a markedly different mechanism of action from the checkpoint inhibitors and suggests that the two approaches can be used synergistically in combination.
IMP321, a first-in-class APC activator based on the immune checkpoint LAG-3, represents one of the first proposed active immunotherapy drugs in which the patient's own immune system is harnessed to respond to tumour antigenic debris created by chemotherapy. As an APC activator, IMP321 boosts the network of dendritic cells in the body that can respond to tumour antigens for a better anti-tumour CD8 T cell response.
IMP321 has been shown in an open-label Phase I study to be able to double the expected six-month response rate in HER-2 negative metastatic breast cancer patients receiving standard-of-care paclitaxel, from a 25% historic response rate (RECIST criteria)1 to 50% when combined with IMP321.
Title of Study
TACTI-mel (Two ACTive Immunotherapeutics in melanoma): A multicentre, open label, dose escalation, Phase 1 study in patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma receiving IMP321 (LAG-3Ig fusion protein) as an adjunctive therapy to anti-PD-1 therapy with pembrolizumab.
This is a multicentre, open label, dose escalation, Phase 1 study in advanced or metastatic melanoma patients. IMP321 will be administered as an adjunctive therapy to patients with asymptomatic irPD (slowly progressive, not requiring urgent intervention, and stable performance status) or sub-optimal response (irSD, irPR) after three cycles of pembrolizumab (Keytruda®). Three staged and sequential dose escalation cohorts of up to 8 patients each will be evaluated.
Planned Sample Size
Key Inclusion Criteria
Key Exclusion Criteria
1 Miller et. al., N. Engl. J. Med. 2007, 357: 2666-76.
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